What is electric control handle(joysticks)?

The electronic control joystick is the executor of actions or instructions, and transmits the commands of the device's brain.

lUsed in various electromechanical equipment.

lConvert the hand movement into electrical signal output.

lControl the direction, speed, and state of equipment operation.

lHuman-computer interaction components.

What is electric control handle(joysticks)?

Hall Effect vs Potentiometer Joysticks

As the need for joysticks increases designers are undergoing greater pressure to achieve use requirements while also cutting down cost. These requirements include but are not limited to sensitivity, accuracy, low power, smoother operation, custom install size, and multi-function features. It is particularly important in industrial environments where proper control of heavy equipment is critical to prevent work related injuries or loss of productivity.


CGEC has custom developed several types of industrial electric joysticks to serve  Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) and operators across industrial, commercial, and consumer environments. When focusing on industrial applications, joysticks for machines and equipment play a crucial role. For this reason, it’s important to be familiar with two of the leading types of industrial joysticks: hall effect joysticks and potentiometer joysticks.


Key Considerations for Industrial Electric Joysticks

There are advantages and disadvantages to all types of joysticks. It is important to be aware of the underlying dynamics of both potentiometer and hall effect based joysticks to select the one that is suitable for your specific application.

Hall type handle features:

lHall non-contact angle detection

llong lasting

lHigh pollution resistance

lThe  trend in future

What is electric control handle(joysticks)?

What is electric control handle(joysticks)?

What is electric control handle(joysticks)?

Potentiometer type handle features:

lPassive components

lStrong anti-interference ability

lLarge voltage range

lLow power consumption

What is electric control handle(joysticks)?

What is electric control handle(joysticks)?

forklift joystick operator

A potentiometer is a variable resistor which uses a physical wiper arm that slides across the internal electrical element to change the resistance. Potentiometers are traditionally used as analog voltage dividers that provide voltage output signals and are manufactured using one of several electrical element types: carbon, cermet, wire wound or conductive plastic. Each one of these choices have their benefits and drawbacks however all are susceptible to the eventual wear and tear caused by the sliding friction of the wiper arm as the potentiometer shaft is rotated. Cermet and carbon type potentiometers are not often used in joystick applications as they are lower in life and best used in low cycle operations such as panel setting functions.

So CGEC offer three series potentiometer joysticks HJ12,HJ15,HJ18 used on forklift control.

What is electric control handle(joysticks)?

What is electric control handle(joysticks)?

What is electric control handle(joysticks)?

Hall effect industrial electric joysticks according to the principle of Hall effect, the displacement signal transmitted by the hand is converted into the change of the gradient magnetic field between the Hall element and the permanent magnet steel, and the electrical signal is output.. Based on the change in magnetic field, the hall effect sensor acts just like a potentiometer but eliminates the degradation of the element because there is no need for a physical wiper arm. A magnet coupled internally to the end of the shaft is placed in close proximity to the hall effect chip, but never makes contact. While hall effect joysticks can add longevity, other factors need to be considered such as temperature drift or available supply voltage.




Potentiometer Joysticks

The people's habitual operation mode is converted into the sliding state of the potentiometer through a certain mechanical structure (handle structure), and the displacement signal is converted into an electrical signal output through the potentiometer.Industrial electric potentiometer joysticks have been around for decades and use the principles of  Ohm’s Law to provide a proportional analog output. The potentiometer joystick contains several components that, when moved, increase or decrease the level of resistance within the electronic circuit. Most all data acquisition units, PLCs or microcontrollers are compatible with the ubiquitous nature of the traditional potentiometer.

What is electric control handle(joysticks)?

An electric industrial  potentiometer joystick is an ideal option for applications that require precise movement of industrial equipment or moving machinery. While potentiometer joysticks offer great performance, they do have limitations when it comes to durability. In terms of long-term durability, these types of joysticks may undergo reliability issues due to the wearing of moving parts and minor susceptibility to electromagnetic interference or radio frequency interference. This is especially true for wire wound potentiometers but less so for conductive plastic types which use a smooth electrical track to eliminate as much friction as possible. Likewise, conductive plastic potentiometers do not have the same issues with interference because of the element’s material properties.


Hall Effect Joysticks

What is electric control handle(joysticks)?In contrast to potentiometer joysticks which leverage electronic circuits, hall effect joysticks use a  magnetic system. Hall effect joysticks have an advantage over potentiometer joysticks because there is no wear from physical contact with the sensor itself. Hall effect electric joysticks are used for industrial applications in the same way as potentiometer types, but excel in those which may have excessive vibration or shock. These applications include mining trucks, backhoe loaders, cranes, excavators, diggers, and more.

What is electric control handle(joysticks)?

While there are several advantages from using hall effect joysticks over potentiometer joysticks, there are also several disadvantages. Available voltage supply may be a limiting factor as most hall effects require 5VDC or 9~36VDC whereas a potentiometer can use a wide range of voltages. In addition, there are a few limitations that hall effect joysticks have in the ferromagnetic material that is used, as its magnetic field will change over time and is directly affected by more extreme hot and cold temperatures. These variances in the magnetic field will cause the hall effect joystick to 'drift” and affect the output voltage. This creates unwanted variances and impacts the long term reliability of the hall effect joystick.

Actually CGEC offers hall effect and potentiometer output in one series joystick,such HJ20,HJ30,HJ50,HJ60 series.

What is electric control handle(joysticks)?

What is electric control handle(joysticks)?

Choosing the Right Joystick: Hall Effect vs Potentiometer

When it comes to  selecting an industrial electric joystick controller, there are a few questions you should be asking. The following questions are designed to help from both an operational performance and budgetary standpoint.

How to  choose a right joystick?

Classified by product function:

Single axis: Control the actions of an actuator

Daul-axis: Control the actions of two actuators

axis: Control the actions of three or more institutions

Classification by output signal:

lHall voltage output: set between 0~5V;

lPotentiometer output: Customers set the output according to their own system requirements;

lVoltage/current output: specify the input voltage (wide voltage input) output voltage or current;

lCAN bus output: transmit data signals through the bus interface.

Operating Environment - What is the environment that the joystick will be in and what is the required Ingress Protection (IP) code?

Life Expectancy - How long does the joystick need to be in operation and how does that compare with the life of the machinery or equipment it will be operating?

Project Budget - How much of the project budget can be allocated to selecting a high performing industrial electric joystick? How will this investment both improve operational performance and prevent maintenance and replacement costs down the road?

While these are only a few of the factors that your team should be considering when selecting a hall effect or potentiometer joystick, they are good to keep at the top of your mind. Where needed, additional joystick programming and engineering can be handled by  CGEC.


Consult CGEC to Choose the Right Industrial Electric Joysticks

When navigating the landscape of industrial joysticks, it’s important to explore the full range of functions and capabilities that each has to offer. Multi-function industrial joysticks can be  customized for your company’s specific applications and projects. When working with potentiometer and hall effect joysticks, CGEC selects the appropriate resistance levels and handle deflection based on your team’s specifications. Additional accessories can be incorporated into the design for seamless operation and optimal performance.

If you want to choose AWP replaced joystick and forklift replaced joystick,please check our catalog and find the part number you need or show your part number to our e-mail box.We will reply you soon.

What is electric control handle(joysticks)?

To speak with an engineer on the merits of Hall effect vs potentiometer joysticks for your application,  also contact us today. and one of our application engineers or design specialists will work with your team.